Last updated on October 10th, 2023 at 02:36 am
M. S. Swaminathan, full name Mankombu Sambasivan Swaminathan, was an Indian agricultural scientist, plant geneticist, administrator, agronomist and overall a humanitarian. He was a global green revolution leader. He has been named the “Main Architect of the Green Revolution in India” for his leadership and participation in creating and upgrading high-yielding wheat and rice cultivars. Swaminathan along with Norman Borlaug had done scientific research which brought about a revolution in the field of agriculture. Consequently India and Pakistan faced successfully the situation like famine in the 1960s. If you are eager to know more about the great scientist M. S. Swaminathan, do stick to the blog till the end.
- M. S. Swaminathan Early Life
- M. S. Swaminathan Education:
- M. S. Swaminathan Age
- M. S. Swaminathan Quick Facts
- M. S. Swaminathan Career
- M. S. Swaminathan: Institution Builder
- M. S. Swaminathan: The Father Of Green Revolution
- M. S. Swaminathan: Awards And Honors
- M. S. Swaminathan: Talented Author
- M. S. Swaminathan Marital Status
- M. S. Swaminathan Net Worth
- M. S. Swaminathan Death
- Condolence Words And Tributes From Top Dignitories
M. S. Swaminathan Early Life
Great agriculturist Swaminathan was born on August 7, 1925, in Kumbakonam, Tamil Nadu, India. His father M.K. Sambasivan was a physician and social reformer. Parvati Thangammal Sambasivan was his mother. He was his parents’ second son. He has a brother named M. S. Krishnamurthi, as well as a sister named Lakshmi Sivaraman. M. S. Swaminathan lost his father when he was 11 years old, and he was raised by his uncle, radiologist M. K. Narayanaswami. Swaminathan followed the Hindu religion.
M. S. Swaminathan Education:
Swaminathan attended a local high school before enrolling in the Catholic Little Flower High School in Kumbakonam at the age of 15. His educational credentials include a Bachelor of Science degree in Agricultural Science and a Doctor of Philosophy degree.
The 1943 Bengal famine inspired him to seek a career in agricultural sciences. As a result, he enrolled in Madras Agricultural College and earned a B.Sc. in Agricultural Science.
He entered the Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) in New Delhi in 1947 and received his post-graduate degree in genetics and plant breeding in 1949. He was awarded a UNESCO Fellowship and studied genetics at Wageningen Agricultural University in the Netherlands.
He entered the School of Agriculture at the University of Cambridge, U.K., in 1950, and received his PhD in 1952 for his thesis, “Species Differentiation and the Nature of Polyploidy in Certain Species of the Genus Solanum – Section Tuberarium.”
M. S. Swaminathan Age
He was 98 years old when he died on 28 September 2023.
M. S. Swaminathan Quick Facts
|Known as||M. S. Swaminathan|
|Nick Name||M. S. Swaminathan|
|Full Name||Mankombu Sambasivan Swaminathan|
|Date of Birth||07 August, 1925 (Friday)|
|Date of Death||28 September, 2023 (Thursday)|
|Age||98 years 1 Month(s) 21 day(s)|
|Mother||Parvati Thangammal Sambasivan|
|Brother||M. S. Krishnamurthi|
|Profession||Author, Agronomist, Agricultural Scientist, Researcher, Geneticist|
|Education/ Qualification||earned a Bachelor of Science degree in Agricultural Science & Doctor of Philosophy degree|
|School||Indian Agricultural Research Institute|
|College||University College Thiruvananthapuram, Fitzwilliam College|
|Net Worth||$10 Million|
M. S. Swaminathan Career
Swaminathan began his career in 1949 when he started to study the genetics of numerous crops such as potato, wheat, rice, and jute. During a critical moment in India’s history, when the country faced widespread famine and acute food grain shortages, Swaminathan collaborated with luminaries such as Norman Borlaug and other scientists to produce a high-yielding type of wheat seeds.
M. S. Swaminathan: Institution Builder
He founded the M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation to carry on his noble purpose and have a lasting influence. He maintained his diligent efforts to end hunger and poverty through this organization.
The Foundation is a ray of hope in the country’s agricultural sector. The institute provides farmers with education and cutting-edge agricultural practices. Swaminathan had a variety of administrative posts throughout his career.
He served as Director of the Indian Agricultural Research Institute (1961–72), Director General of ICAR and Secretary of the Government of India’s Department of Agricultural Research and Education (1972–79), and Principal Secretary of the Ministry of Agriculture (1979–80).
He was also a member of the Planning Commission’s Science and Agriculture Committee (1980-82), and the Director General of the International Rice Research Institute in the Philippines (1982-88). The Government appointed Swaminathan as Chairman of the National Commission in 2004.
In response to an increase in farmer suicides, a group of experts was formed to investigate the farmer dilemma. In 2006, the panel issued its report. In its recommendations, the Commission advised that the minimum selling price (MSP) be at least 50% higher than the weighted average cost of production.
He also served in the Rajya Sabha from 2007 until 2013.
M. S. Swaminathan: The Father Of Green Revolution
Swaminathan launched India’s “Green Revolution” about six decades ago, which helped stop hunger and converted the country into a leading wheat producer. That is why he is regarded as the father of the Green Revolution in India.
The Green Revolution transformed the northern states of Punjab and Haryana into wheat and rice production hotspots, benefiting low-income farmers.
The project now considered a transformative age in Indian agriculture, introduced high-yielding wheat varieties and enhanced irrigation and fertilizer use. At a period when India was facing severe hunger, grain output surged rapidly.
His efforts in developing wheat and rice strains with higher yields and instructing farmers to produce them contributed to India’s transformation from a food importer to a food exporter.
M. S. Swaminathan: Awards And Honors
Great scholar Dr. S. M. Swaminathan has won several honors for his contributions to agricultural science. Among his many honors are the UNESCO Mahatma Gandhi Prize in 2000, and the Lal Bahadur Sastri National Award in 2007. Many images of M. S. Swaminathan accepting awards on his Instagram are available.
He was also awarded
- Padma Shri (1967)
- Padma Bhushan (1972)
- World Food Prize 1987
- Albert Einstein World Award of Science 1986
- Padma Vibhushan (1989)
- Ramon Magsaysay Award for Community Leadership 1971
- Indira Gandhi Prize 1999
- Freedom from Want 2000
- Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration 2013
- CNN-IBN Indian of the Year Lifetime Achievement Award 2010
M. S. Swaminathan: Talented Author
He was also a good writer. He has authored several research articles and publications on Agricultural Science and Biodiversity. Swaminathan published 46 single-author papers between 1950 and 1980. In total he had 254 papers to his credit, 155 of which he was the single or first author. His scientific papers are in the fields of crop improvement (95) cytogenetics and genetics (87) and phylogenetics (72). His most frequent publishers were Indian Journal of Genetics (46), Current Science (36), Nature (12) and Radiation Botany (12). Some selected publications are given below:
Between 1950 and 1980, Swaminathan authored 46 single-author publications. He authored 254 articles in all, 155 of which he was the sole or first author. Crop improvement (95), cytogenetics and genetics (87), and phylogenetics (72) are among his scholarly articles. Indian Journal of Genetics (46), Current Science (36), Nature (12), and Radiation Botany (12) were his most frequent publications. The following are some selected publications:
- Combating Hunger and Achieving Food…
- Towards Hunger Free India: From Vision…
- Weakening Welfare: The Public… From Green to Evergreen Revolution:…
- Agricultural Growth in Human Welfare…
- Revolutions: To Green the Environment…
- Environment and Agriculture (Hardback)
- Ethics of Environmental Development.
M. S. Swaminathan Marital Status
M. S. Swaminathan married Mina Swaminathan, whom he met when both were students at Cambridge in 1951. They were residents of Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
M. S. Swaminathan Children
He has three daughters named Soumya Swaminathan, Madhura Swaminathan, and Nitya Swaminathan. All his daughters are in a very good position in government services.
M. S. Swaminathan Net Worth
Swaminathan was a great scientist of India. He had held top positions in many organizations in India and abroad. He had an estimated net worth of $10 million USD at the time of his death, which is a tribute to his successful career. However, their real asset is their long-term impact on India’s agricultural environment.
M. S. Swaminathan Death
Swaminathan died of natural causes, according to reports. He hadn’t been feeling well for a few days. He died on 28 September 2023. He was dedicated to the welfare of farmers and the upliftment of society’s disadvantaged till the end.
Condolence Words And Tributes From Top Dignitories
PM Modi—In his condolences message, Prime Minister Narendra Modi stated that his breakthrough effort in agriculture improved the lives of millions and provided food security for our country at a key juncture in our history. The prime minister said on twitter “Beyond his revolutionary contributions to agriculture, Dr. Swaminathan was a powerhouse of innovation and a nurturing mentor to many.” His steadfast dedication to research and mentoring has left an everlasting imprint on a generation of scientists and innovators.”
H. D. Deve Gowda—Former Prime Minister H D Deve Gowda expressed condolences at Swaminathan’s death and said he had benefitted enormously from his guidance on several occasions.
Swaminathan, who created the MS Swaminathan Research Foundation here, has been dubbed “the Father of Economic Ecology” by the United Nations Environment Programme, in recognition of his leadership in the green revolution movement.
AICC General Secretary K C Venugopal—He expressed his sadness over Swaminathan’s death. He said, “His contribution to Indian agriculture changed the lives of millions of people.” “We are committed to carrying out his vision at every opportunity.”
Karnataka CM Siddaramaiah—He offered his condolences and praised Swaminathan’s contribution to India’s agricultural prosperity and economy.
Farmer Activist Rakesh Tikait— He stated that India would remember Swaminathan for the beneficial improvements he brought to the country’s agriculture and farmers, as well as his contribution to food security.
Delhi CM Arvind Kejriwal—He expressed condolences and said his “insurmountable” efforts in agriculture had made India self-sufficient and “saved millions from food insecurity.”
Tamil Nadu CM M. K. Stalin—–He stated, “Deeply saddened to hear the passing of eminent agro scientist Thiru M S Swaminathan.” His trailblazing work in the subject of sustainable food security has had a global impact.” “I will always remember the times I spent with him. “During this difficult time, my thoughts are with his family and the global scientific community,” the Chief Minister remarked.
Who was Dr. M. S. Swaminathan?
He was an Indian agricultural scientist, plant geneticist, administrator, agronomist and overall a humanitarian.
When was M. S. Swaminathan born and died?
He was born on 7 August 1925 and died on 28 September 2023.
What was the cause of death of M. S. Swaminathan?
Swaminathan died as a result of an age-related disease.
Why is Swaminathan famous?
Swaminathan is famous because he designated the inaugural World Food Prize Laureate for creating and leading the introduction of high-yielding wheat and rice varieties into India in the 1960s, when the nation faced widespread famine.
What was the profession of M. S. Swaminathan?
Swaminathan’s profession was agronomist, agricultural scientist, researcher, geneticist, author.
How old was M. S. Swaminatha?
He was 98 year old when he died.